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Tribal Energy and Environmental Information Clearinghouse
Tribal Energy and Environmental Information Clearinghouse: Environmental resources for tribal energy development
Energy Resources Assessments & Monitoring Laws & Regulations
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TEEIC Laws & Regulations Section Guide

Oil and Gas Development

A number of federal laws establish requirements for oil and gas leasing and development on federal and tribal lands. These include the (1) Mineral Leasing Act of 1920 (30 USC 181 et seq.), which established the authority of the U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) to oversee oil and gas operations on federal land; (2) Mineral Leasing Act for Acquired Lands of 1947 (30 USC 351 et seq.), which extended the DOI authority over oil and gas operations to federal "acquired lands;" (3) Mining and Minerals Policy Act of 1970 (30 USC 21 et seq.), which established modern policy regarding mineral development in the United States of encouraging private enterprise while mitigating adverse environmental impacts; (4) Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 USC 1701 et seq.), which defined the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) responsibilities with respect to oil and gas development; (5) Indian Mineral Leasing Act of 1938 (25 USC 396a-g), which provides for leasing of minerals on tribal lands; and (6) Indian Mineral Development Act of 1982 (25 USC 2102 et seq.), which provides for tribes to enter into energy development agreements with DOI approval. The BLM and Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), agencies within the DOI, have issued regulations relevant to oil and gas development under the authorities of these laws; portions of these regulations establish requirements related to environmental protection.

Regulations Applicable to Energy Development

The full suite of regulations issued by the BIA may be applicable to oil and gas development on tribal lands. Elements of the BLM regulations may be applicable to energy development activities on tribal land if the BLM is involved in review and approval of the activities.

Relevant Web Site(s)


This statute may apply to the following energy resource:
Oil & Gas
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