Virtually everyone benefits when individuals, companies, and entire communities reduce the amount of energy they use. The benefits come in the form of lowered utility bills, protection against rising energy costs, and decreased demand for construction of new energy projects. The latter can, in turn, translate into a cleaner environment and address climate change concerns if the construction of additional conventional fossil-fueled power plants and additional mineral extraction (e.g., oil and gas drilling, coal mining) are avoided. Energy efficiency and conservation also can contribute to greater national security by reducing our demand for foreign energy resources.
In general terms, energy efficiency is achieved through the application of technology, such as insulation upgrades, compact fluorescent bulbs (CFLs), high efficiency furnaces, and so forth. Energy conservation is achieved through behavioral changes, such as turning off lights when not needed, using household appliances differently, carpooling, and so forth.
There are many sources of information about energy efficiency and energy conservation that target energy use both in buildings and vehicles. Follow the links below to learn about specific energy efficiency and energy conservation measures that can be implemented.
Follow the links below to learn more about energy efficiency and conservation and relevant programs.