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Hazardous Materials and Waste Management Mitigation Measures

Mitigation measures to avoid or reduce impacts from hazardous materials and waste management associated with coal mining.

The following are examples of mitigation measures that could be applied to reduce hazardous materials and waste management impacts of a project depending upon site- and project-specific conditions. Hazardous materials and waste management impacts are related to the types and amount of equipment and machinery used for the project and the wastes they produce and material shipments and construction wastes. Many impacts can be reduced or avoided when considered during the siting and design phase.

Develop a final set of mitigation measures for any project in consultation with the appropriate federal resource management agencies and stakeholders. Conduct these consultations early in the project development process and preferably prior to final project siting and design.

Siting and Design Mitigation Measures

Siting and design considerations that mitigate impacts include:

  • Prepare a comprehensive list of all hazardous materials to be used, stored, transported, or disposed of during all phases of activity.
  • Develop a hazardous materials management plan addressing storage, use, transportation, and disposal (interim and final) for each item in the comprehensive list. The plan should identify specifics regarding local and federal emergency response.
  • Develop a waste management plan identifying anticipated solid and liquid waste streams, including coal refuse, and addressing determination, inspection, and waste minimization procedures; storage locations; and waste-specific management and disposal requirements. Include a recycling strategy to be practiced by workers during all project phases.
  • Develop a spill prevention and response plan for addressing storage locations of hazardous wastes, spill prevention measures, training requirements, waste-specific spill response actions, spill response kits, and notifications to authorities.
  • Develop a stormwater management plan to ensure compliance with regulations and prevent off-site migration of contaminated stormwater or increased soil erosion.
  • Develop a pesticide management plan.

General Mitigation Measures

General mitigation practices and principles that could apply to any or all phases of a coal mine project include:

  • Provide secondary containment for all on-site hazardous materials and waste storage, including fuel. (Fuels storage should be a temporary activity and fuel storage facilities should be removed immediately upon completion of the construction and decommissioning phases.)
  • Containerize and periodically remove wastes for disposal at appropriate off-site permitted disposal facilities.
  • Document accidental releases as to cause, corrective actions taken, and resulting environmental or health and safety impacts.