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Tribal Energy and Environmental Information Clearinghouse: Environmental resources for tribal energy development
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Construction Requirements and Activities

Detailed descriptions of construction requirements and activities associated with a proposed project are needed to assess the impacts of this important phase of project development.

All energy projects require some level of construction, and this activity, in many cases, results in the most impact of any of the project phases. Some construction impacts will occur only temporarily during the actual construction period (e.g., construction worker activities, stockpiling and laydown areas) and could be remediated after construction is completed (e.g., revegetation of temporary laydown areas). There is sometimes an opportunity to schedule construction to avoid impacts to important resources.

The impacts of construction depend on many specific details. For assessment purposes, provide a comprehensive detailed description of construction. Include the following in descriptions of construction activities and requirements:

  • Construction footprint for primary and support facilities including temporary facilities (map and footprint area)
  • Setbacks from areas to be avoided
  • Amount of excavation required (area and volume);
  • Excavation methods (including blasting or other techniques);
  • Drilling, coring, and related activities and methods;
  • Land surface clearing and grading plan
  • Energy, water, and materials needs;
  • Construction processes and air and water emissions;
  • Utility requirements and how they will be met;
  • Fencing requirements
  • Outdoor lighting requirements;
  • Size and location of laydown areas;
  • Sources, intensity, and schedule of noise-producing activities;
  • Hazardous materials to be used and spill prevention plan;
  • Waste streams (with full characterization of constituents), volumes, and management plan;
  • Construction workforce and housing requirements, if any;
  • Construction time frame (complete duration and schedule of activities and workforce) including any scheduling of activities to avoid impacts to protected ecological resources (e.g., nesting birds);
  • Soil stockpiling and protection plan;
  • Plan for reclamation of temporary disturbed areas;
  • Erosion, fugitive dust, and surface water runoff controls (including stormwater control plans);
  • Protocols for surface water and wetland involvement and protection;
  • Protocols for ecological, cultural, and paleontological resource protection; and
  • Protocols for nonnative invasive species prevention and control.